Q: Does the deal prevent Iran from developing a nuclear weapon—the stated goal of the negotiations? A: No.
The agreement provides Iran with a patient pathway to a nuclear weapon over the next decade.
The country’s core nuclear infrastructure remains intact; none of Iran’s nuclear facilities have been closed; and the Islamic Republic is permitted to keep more centrifuges under the JCPOA than it possessed when Obama entered office.
In fifteen years, Iran will emerge as a threshold nuclear power, meaning it can build an unlimited number of advanced centrifuge powered enrichment facilities and heavy water nuclear reactors that will almost instantly usher them into the nuclear club.
Iran will also be permitted to enrich uranium at its underground facility at Fordow—a facility likely impenetrable to U.S. military strikes.